White sands national park, located on the north side of highway 70 in new Mexico, about 26 kilometers southwest of alamogordo, west of otero county, is located within the 1,291-meter turarosa basin, an area of 710 square kilometers of white sand dunes made up of gypsum crystals. The gypsum dunes in white sands national park are the largest hills of their kind on earth.
New Mexico’s gleaming white sands national park, rising from the heart of the tularosa basin, is one of the world’s most famous natural wonders. Here, the dunes engulf 275 square miles of desert, creating the largest gypsum shatin in the world. White sands national park has been designated as a nature reserve by new Mexico, which legally protects the sha tin area and ensures that the park’s ecology is protected from damage. Unlike sand dunes, which are crystallized from quartz sand, gypsum does not easily convert the sun’s energy into energy, so walking on the sand of white sand national park does not get very hot.
The first thing that catches the eye in white sands national park is the badly-styled visitor center, a beautiful building where locals provide visitors with information and photos about white sands national park. A special road was built to make it easy for vehicles to travel around the park. But if you’re walking in the sand dunes, it’s important to note that walking behind the sand takes more energy than you think, so don’t go too far, be sure to have food and water ready, and wear sunglasses and uv protective clothing, as well as a compass.
The shadows of the waves on the sand dunes are particularly pronounced by the reflection of the sun, as if they were a painting on a white canvas. So how does white sand form? Long ago, the tectonic movements in the region formed the San Andreas and Sacramento mountains, and over time the Tularosa basin between the two mountains formed the gypsum rich Lucero Lake. Later, the otero lake dried up almost completely, but the plaster remained. The hydrates of calcium sulfate, the rain and snow that fell on the mountains on both sides of the basin, melted the gypsum from the rocks. The gypsum settled down in the form of crystals, so soft that you could almost break it with your fingers. Winds blowing in from southern Mexico broke the soft plaster into white sand particles, and the winds pushed the sand forward to form the white sand dunes of today.
The desert plant called yucca contains a soapy substance in its roots and stems that native americans use for soap and shampoos. Yucca moves as the dune moves, and when the dune moves forward under the action of the wind, yucca roots move with the sand. Many of the species that live in white sand national park are adapted to a similar lifestyle to yucca, and most of the animals that live there live at night to escape the sun. Animals such as the eared white lizard and opossum have evolved to be pure white in order to live long in white sand. In addition, rattlesnakes, hedgehogs, crickets, voles and other animals have adapted to the harsh climate and live in white sand dunes.
Explore the mysterious white desert!