Cappadocia, on the Anatolian plateau in central Turkey, is one of Turkey’s most visually striking regions . When you look at the bizarre lunar landscape created by volcanic eruptions and years of wind and rain, thousands of years ago, it’s easy to see why it’s called a castle of strange rocks. Volcanic caves, subterranean caves, valley fissures, and “fairy chimneys” rising above them, together with layers of crinkled stone that feel the vicissitudes of life, are scattered throughout the region, a seemingly barren region that is inescapably associated with Christianity.
This is one of the most popular natural cave museums in the Goreme area. The museum is a mountain of natural weathering, while the interior is artificially carved to house the early Christian hermits. October in the strange stone fort area climate is particularly sunny, hot air balloon to see the strange stone fort is the best choice. A hot air balloon ride makes you feel as if you are in a world that is both real and unreal.
Three million years ago, huge eruptions of mount elgiers (3916m) and mount hasan (3268m) covered the plateau around nevshahir with soft rock, ash and mud containing limestone and lava. The brittle rock formations have been eroded by wind and rain, forming cone-shaped and mushroid-shaped rocks in various colors of red, gold, green and gray, and spectacular surreal landscapes with cavernous canyons. This area is called Cappadocia. Among them, gramme national park is the quintessence of a strange landscape. The caves were first used by the local people in 4000 BC. Churches and monasteries in the Byzantine era also carved caves, some of which were used as churches, with golden frescoes that mirrored the natural surroundings, both real and unreal.
Juergulp is one of the most concentrated scenic spots in the cave wall, and visitors can’t miss it. Here you can learn about the cave life of the people before. There are many carpet shops in the streets of juerguipu. The locals are very welcoming, offering tea, coffee or wine and pleasant conversation. Juercupe is also a place of origin and has a long history of wine making, so an international wine festival is held every October in nefshehir.
To the south, from juerkup, one can reach the sparsely populated Pancarl k ravines and small villages, which contain the remains of churches from the 12th to 14th centuries decorated with colorful frescoes. Four kilometers north of juergup is the spectacular Devrent valley, where rocks eroded by wind and rain form spires, cones, and obelisks, known as “fairy chimneys.” In the Catalkaya valley, 2km to the west, there is a fairy chimney, a distinctive mush-shaped symbol of the street.
The Goreme National Park is home to a vast collection of grotto churches and mosques decorated with elaborate frescoes. Among the most famous churches are the smallest and newest Elmal, Y lanl, Barbara, Car kl and so on. The streets of greme lie to the right of the centre of the valley with its conical rocks and fairy chimneys. There are cafes, restaurants and shops built in caves. Follow the road to the uqishsar fortress, from the top of which you can see a panoramic view of the area. From greme northward to charusin, there is the church of papudito. The chimneys of the faeries ranged from chawusin to Zelve.
AVANOS, along the red river, has a charming tradition of architecture and is famous for its handicrafts, especially pottery, which visitors can experience in workshops.
Along the road from nefshehir to yuergup, one can reach Ortahisar, an area of dungeons such as Kaymakl, Maz, Derinkuyu, and ozkunak. Christians came here in the 7th century to escape the persecution of Byzantium and lived in caves connected by caves dozens of meters underground. Complete with granaries, stables, bedrooms, kitchens, vents, etc., it’s a perfect dungeon. Now these dungeons are illuminated and become a tourist attraction in capatoccia.